Center for Teaching Excellence

Murphy Building
600 Forbes Avenue 20 Chatham Square
Pittsburgh, PA 15282
Email: cte@duq.edu
Phone: 412.396.5177

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    Learning the Art of Reflection

    Good students and good teachers recognize the value of ongoing reflection.  Reflection takes an experience and turns it into a learning event.

    "Experience is not what happens to a person; it is what a person does with what happened." Adapted from Aldous Huxley

    Many classes use journaling as a means of promoting reflection.  Service-learning classes require reflection.  Turn your experiences into learning opportunities through reflective writing.

    For Faculty:

    Students may find reflective journaling difficult or tedious. Often, they simply recount the events of their service-learning activities rather than reflect on the linkages between their experiences and course content. To help students focus their journal entries, you can try the “What? So What? Now What?” journal prompt. This guides students through the stages of reflection – narrative, analysis, synthesis, and goal setting. For more information on designing reflective assignments, contact the Office of Service-Learning at 412-396-5893 or visit us on the web at http://www.duq.edu/service-learning/.

    For Students:

    If you are taking a service-learning class, you are asked to reflect on your service experiences.  This reflection could occur through journal writing, in-class discussions, papers, portfolios, or a number of other assignments. To help you focus your reflections, you might find these 3 questions helpful:

    What?  - briefly document what happened

    So What? - explain why the events are important or how they relate to course concepts

    Now What? - explain what action you will take next

    For more information on how to reflect, contact the Office of Service-Learning at 412-396-5893 or visit us on the web at www.servicelearning.duq.edu.

    Other Links:

    http://cce.wsu.edu/default.asp?PageID=528