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Bogdan G. Bucur, Ph.D.

Associate Professor
McAnulty College and Graduate School of Liberal Arts
Department of Theology

Fisher Hall 624
Phone: 412.396.1598

https://duq.academia.edu/BogdanGabrielBucur

Education:

Ph.D., Religious Studies, Marquette University, 2007
M.A., Theology, Marquette University, 2002
M.Th., Orthodox Theology, University of Bucharest (Romania), 1999
Expertise

Dr. Bucur works in the area of New Testament and early Christianity, with a special interest in the link between biblical exegesis and doctrinal developments. He views it as important to study how early Christians expressed their religious identity by reworking doctrines, imagery, and practices inherited from the many currents of Second Temple Judaism. In approaching biblical texts, he uses Wirkungsgeschichte (usually rendered "reception history") as a valuable complement to historical-critical exegesis of the Bible.  [See Biblical Reception History at Duquesne].

As a second field of interest, Dr. Bucur does research in the history of Christian thought, focusing on doctrine and spirituality in the early centuries and the Byzantine tradition. His academic interests, bridging the conventional boundaries between New Testament Studies, Patristics, and the history of Christian thought, were shaped significantly by participation in the interdisciplinary Seminar on the Jewish Roots of Christian Mysticism, and the "Theophaneia" group, both led by Dr. Andrei Orlov and Dr. Alexander Golitzin at Marquette University.

At present he is particularly interested in the pneumatological traditions of the New Testament and later Christian writings, and the New Testament roots of pre-Nicene exegesis of the Biblical theophanies.

Personal "Academia" page: https://duq.academia.edu/BogdanGabrielBucur

Scholarship

Mystagogy: A Monastic Reading of Dionysius Areopagita. By Alexander Golitzin, edited by Bogdan G. Bucur (Minneapolis, Cistercian Publications, 2013).

For details click here or on the book cover image.



This book proposes an interpretation of the Pseudo-Dionysian corpus in light of the liturgical and ascetic tradition that defined the author and his audience. Characterized by both striking originality and remarkable fidelity to the patristic and late neoplatonic traditions, the Dionysian corpus is a coherent and unified structure, whose core and pivot is the treatise known as the Ecclesiastical Hierarchy. Given Pseudo-Dionysius' fundamental continuity with earlier Christian theology and spirituality, it is not surprising that the church, and in particular the ascetic community, recognized that this theological synthesis articulated its own fundamental experience and aspirations.


 

Bucur bookAngelomorphic Pneumatology: Clement of Alexandria and Other Early Christian Witnesses. Vigiliae Christianae Supplements 95. Leiden/ Boston: Brill, 2009.    

For Google Books view click here or on the book cover.     

This book discusses the occurrence of angelic imagery in early Christian discourse about the Holy Spirit. Taking as its entry-point Clement of Alexandria's less explored writings, Excerpta ex TheodotoEclogae propheticae, and Adumbrationes, it shows that Clement's angelomorphic pneumatology occurs in tandem with spirit christology, within a theological framework still characterized by a binitarian orientation. This complex theological articulation, supported by the exegesis of specific biblical passages (Zech 4:10; Isa 11:2-3; Matt 18:10), reworks Jewish and Christian traditions about the seven first-created angels, and constitutes a relatively widespread phenomenon in early Christianity. Evidence to support this claim is presented in the course of separate studies of Revelation, the Shepherd of Hermas, Justin Martyr, and Aphrahat.

REVIEWS OF THE BOOK:  Expository Times (here), Vigiliae christianae (here), Journal of Theological Studies (here), Review of Biblical Literature (here), Journal of Early Christian Studies (here), Biblical and Early Christian Studies (here).


Articles

"Blinded by Invisible Light: Revisiting the Emmaus Story (Luke 24,13-35)," Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 90 (2014): 685-707. [pdf]

"The Early Christian Reception History of Genesis 18: From Theophany to Trinitarian Symbolism," Journal of Early Christian Studies (forthcoming)

"I Saw The Lord: Observations on the Early Christian Reception of Isaiah 6," Pro Ecclesia 23 (2014): 309-330 [pdf]

"Justin Martyr's Exegesis of Old Testament Theophanies and the Parting of the Ways Between Christianity and Judaism," Theological Studies 75 (2014) 34-51 [pdf]

"Clement of Alexandria's Exegesis of Old Testament Theophanies," Phronema 29 (2014): 63-81 [pdf]

"Exegesis and Intertextuality in Anastasius of Sinai's Homily On the Transfiguration," Studia Patristica 68 (2013): 249-260 [pdf]

"'Mysticism' in the Pre-Nicene Era?," in The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Christian Mysticism (ed. Julia Lamm; Wiley-Blackwell, 2013). [pdf]

"From Jewish Apocalypticism to Orthodox Mysticism," in The Orthodox Christian World (Ed. Augustine Casiday; Routledge, 2012), 466-480. [pdf]

"Scholarly Frameworks for Reading 2 Cor 12:1-10: A Critical Presentation," in Naboth's Vineyard: Studia theologica recentiora (Ed. I. Tudorie, O. Gordon, A. Mihaila; Cluj, Romania: Presa Universitară Clujeană, 2012), 175-190;

"Vision, Exegesis, and Theology in the Reception History of Hab 3:2 (LXX), in "What Does the Scripture Say?": Studies in the Function of Scripture in Early Judaism and Christianity. Volume 2: The Letters and Liturgical Traditions (SSEJC 18; ed. Craig A. Evans and H. Daniel Zacharias; London and New York: T & T Clark International, 2011), 134-146;

"'Early Christian Binitarianism': From Religious Phenomenon to Polemical Insult to Scholarly Concept," Modern Theology 27 (2011): 102-120; [pdf]

[with Elijah Mueller] "Gregory Nazianzen's Exegesis of Hab 3:2 (LXX) and Its Reception: A Lesson from Byzantine Scripture Exegesis," Pro Ecclesia 20 (2011): 86-103 [pdf]

"Sinai, Zion, and Tabor: An Entry into the Christian Bible," Journal of Theological Interpretation 4 (2010): 33-52; [pdf]

"Matt 17:1-9 as a Vision of a Vision: A Neglected Strand in the Patristic Reception of the Transfiguration," Neotestamentica 44 (2010): 15-30; [pdf]

"The Mountain of the Lord: Sinai, Zion, and Eden in Byzantine Hymnographic Exegesis," in Symbola caelestis: Le symbolisme liturgique et paraliturgique dans le monde chrétien. Eds. B. Lourié & A. Orlov (Piscataway, NJ; Gorgias, 2009), 129-172; [pdf]

"Exegesis of Isaiah 11:2 in Aphrahat the Persian Sage," in Early Christian Literature and Intertextuality (Ed. Craig Evans; London / New York: T & T Clark International), 2009; [pdf]

"The Divine Face and the Angels of the Face: Jewish Apocalyptic Themes in Early Christology and Pneumatology," in Apocalyptic Thought in Early Christianity (ed. Robert Daly; Baker Academic, 2009), 143-153. [pdf]

"The Place of the Hypotyposeis in the Clementine Corpus: An Apology for 'The Other Clement of Alexandria'," Journal of Early Christian Studies 17 (2009): 313-335 [pdf]

"Early Christian Angelomorphic Pneumatology: Aphrahat the Persian Sage," Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies 11 (2008); [pdf]

"Dionysius East and West: Unities, Differentiations, and the Exegesis of Biblical Theophanies," Dionysius 26 (2008): 115-38. [pdf]

"The Angelic Spirit in Early Christianity: Justin, the Martyr and Philosopher," Journal of Religion 88 (2008):190-208. [pdf]

"Theophanies and Vision of God in Augustine's De Trinitate: An Eastern Orthodox Perspective," Saint Vladimir's Theological Quarterly 52 (2008):67-93. [pdf]

""Foreordained from All Eternity: The Mystery of the Incarnation According to Some Early Christian and Byzantine Writers," Dumbarton Oaks Papers 62 (2008): 199-215" [pdf]

"Hierarchy, Prophecy, and the Angelomorphic Spirit: A Contribution to the Study of the Book of Revelation's Wirkungsgeschichte," Journal of Biblical Literature 127 (2008):173-194. [pdf]

"Revisiting Christian Oeyen: ‘The Other Clement' on Father, Son, and the Angelomorphic Spirit." Vigiliae christianae 61 (2007):381-413. [pdf]

"Exegesis of Biblical Theophanies in Byzantine Hymnography: Rewritten Bible?," Theological Studies 68 (2007): 92-112. [pdf]

"Matt. 18:10 In Early Christology and Pneumatology: A Contribution to the Study of Matthean Wirkungsgeschichte." Novum Testamentum 49 (2007) 209-231.[pdf]

"The Feet that Eve Heard in Paradise and Was Afraid: Observations on the Christology of Byzantine Festal Hymns," Philosophy and Theology (2007): 3-26. [pdf]

"The Son of God and the Angelomorphic Holy Spirit: A Rereading of the Shepherd's Christology," Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 98 (2007):121-143. [pdf]

"The Theological Reception of Dionysian Apophatism in the Christian East and West: Thomas Aquinas and Gregory Palamas," The Downside Review 125 (2007): 131-146.[pdf]

"The Place of Splendor and Light: Observations on the Paraphrasing of Enn 4.8.1 in the Theology of Aristotle" [co-author, with Cristina Bucur], Le Muséon 119 (2006): 271-292. [pdf]

"Observations on the Ascetic Doctrine of the Shepherd of Hermas," Studia Monastica 48 (2006): 7-23. [pdf]

"The Other Clement: Cosmic Hierarchy and Interiorized Apocalypticism," Vigiliae christianae 60 (2006): 251-268. [pdf]

Teaching

Undergraduate: Introduction to the Bible; Jesus in the Visual Arts; The New Testament; Early Christianity; Prophetic Literature.

MA: Introduction to the Old Testament

Ph.D. Seminars:
Reception History of the Book of Exodus
Pentateuch in Reception-Historical Perspective;
O.T. Theophanies and their Reception History;
Divine Worship and the Presence of the Divine in Ancient Israel.

Resources

GENERAL RESOURCES


All kinds of goodies here and here

http://ixoyc.net and http://jbburnett.com

Resources for Hebrew Bible here

http://www.bible-researcher.com/links08.html

The Virtual World Project (Creighton University) here

http://moses.creighton.edu/vr/

General Archaeology Links (Jim West) here

http://sites.google.com/site/biblicalstudiesresources/Home/biblical-studies-resources/archaeology


Hebrew Bible, Hebrew Texts, Rabbinica (Jim West) here

http://sites.google.com/site/biblicalstudiesresources/Home/biblical-studies-resources/hebrew-bible

Targumim (Hebrew Union College) here

http://cal1.cn.huc.edu/searching/targumsearch.html

New Testament Resources (Jim West) here

http://sites.google.com/site/biblicalstudiesresources/Home/biblical-studies-resources/new-testament

The Old Testament and the Ancient Near East (Ralph Klein) here

http://prophetess.lstc.edu/~rklein/

Jewish Roots of Eastern Christian Mysticism (Marquette University) here

http://www.marquette.edu/maqom/

Trends in Ancient Jewish and Christian Mysticism (University of Dayton) here

http://academic.udayton.edu/trends/

The Theophaneia School here

The Philadelphia Seminar on Christian Origins (University of Pennsylvania) here

http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/psco/

Albert Pietersma page here

https://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~pietersm/

BIBLICAL THEOLOGY

General resources here

http://www.bible-researcher.com/biblical-interpretation.html

Walter Brueggeman page here

http://sunflower.com/~uman/

Meredith Kline page here

http://www.covopc.org/Kline/Meredith_Kline_Online.html

OT PSEUDEPIGRAPHA

The Online Critical Pseudepigrapha here

http://ocp.acadiau.ca/

OT Pseudepigrapha in English translation here

http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/~humm/Resources/Texts/otPseud.html

LXX PAGES

Letter of Aristeas Greek / English (James Miller) here

http://www.voskrese.info/spl/miller-arist.pdf

Comparison between MT and LXX books (James Miller) here and here

Convenient English parallel of LXX (Brenton) and MT (KJV) here

http://www.ecmarsh.com/lxx-kjv/index.html

LXX (Rahlfs) online here

http://titus.fkidg1.uni-frankfurt.de/texte/etcs/grie/sept/sept.htm

LXX (Greek/ French) here

http://ba.21.free.fr/septuaginta/cover.html

NETS (New English Translation of the Septuagint) here

http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/nets/edition/

Resources for the study of LXX here (Joel Kalvesmaki) and here

http://www.kalvesmaki.com/LXX/

http://www.ntresources.com/lxx2.htm

LXX in the NT and Early Christian Literature (R. Grant Jones) here

http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Pines/7224/Rick/Septuagint/spindex.htm

PHILO

Resources for the study of Philo here

http://www.torreys.org/bible/philopag.html

Philo in English here

http://www.earlyjewishwritings.com/philo.html

TALMUD BY CATEGORIES here

http://www.webshas.org/

BABYLONIAN TALMUD here

http://halakhah.com

Rashi here

CORPUS HERMETICUM here

http://www.sacred-texts.com/chr/herm/index.htm

NEW TESTAMENT APOCRYPHA

NEW TESTAMENT PAGES

Codex Sinaiticus here
NT and Patristics Links (C. W. Conrad)

NT Links (Jim West)

A very brief introduction to the Nestle-Aland critical apparatus

New Testament Papyri and Codices (K. C. Hanson)

The Development of the NT Canon

Synoptic Problem Website (Stephen C. Carlson)

Syriac NT (Jacobite script)

OT Peshitta in English (tr. Lamsa) here

NT Peshitta in English (tr. Lamsa) here

Bibliographies:

Compiled by William Harmless, S.J. (Creighton University)

http://www.ntgateway.com/

NT Studies from a Liberal Perspective

The Jesus Seminar view of the Gospels

The Higher Critical Review

The Journal of Higher Criticism

Robert Price Website

NT Studies from a Conservative Perspective

Biblical Exegesis and the Church (Cardinal Ratzinger)

Bibliography compiled by Scott Hahn (Franciscan University)

New Testament Mysticism Project Seminar

N. T. Wright Page

The New Perspective on Paul

RESOURCES FOR THE STUDY OF CHRISTIAN ORIGINS

Antike Texte zur Umwelt des Neuen Testaments (University of Siegen)

Biblical Resources: Early Christianity's Social Context (Torey Seland)

R. Grant Jones: Notes on Church History

WIRKUNGSGESCHICHTE / RECEPTION HISTORY

The Bible and Its Interpretation (University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign) here

https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/cdwright/www/bible.html

The Reception History of the Bible (Duquesne University) here

http://www.duq.edu/theology/reception-history/

Biblia Patristica & more searchable here

http://www.biblindex.mom.fr/index.php?lang=en

Biblia Pauperum on the Internet here

http://amasis.com/biblia/

Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture (IV Press) here

http://www.ivpress.com/accs/

The Church's Bible (Eerdmans) here

http://www.eerdmans.com/series/cb.htm

Novum Testamentum Patristicum (Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht) here

http://www.v-r.de/en/series/531/

Centre for Reception History of the Bible (Oxford University) here

http://www.crhb.org/

* Resources for the study of NT APOCRYPHA

BLOGS

April DeConick Blog (Rice University)

Novum Testamentum (Blog)

Paleojudaica (Dr. James Davila, St Andrews University)

Chris Tilling

http://gospelsandactshermeneutics.blogspot.com/

The Orthodox Center for the Advancement of Biblical Studies

PATRISTIC LITERATURE

* Basic bibliographies:

Base d'Information bibliographique en patristique

Compiled by William Harmless, S. J. (Creighton University)

Patristic Text Collections

GCS (Die Griechischen Christlichen Schriftsteller) here
http://www.roger-pearse.com/weblog/die-griechischen-christlichen-schriftsteller-gcs-volumes-available-online/

Migne, Patrologia graeca here

http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.com/2009/10/migne-online.html

Patrologia Graeca online (partial)

BEPES (SC texts without the French)

Maximus the Confessor, Symeon the New Theologian, Gregory Palamas in WORD here

http://orthodoxesfrance.free.fr/ressources.html

ANF/ NPNF Series

Texts in Addition to the NPNF/ANF Series

Athanasius of Alexandria (Athanasius Werke • Arbeitsstelle Erlangen) here

http://www.athanasius.theologie.uni-erlangen.de/

John Chrysostom, complete works (French trans) here

http://www.abbaye-saint-benoit.ch/saints/chrysostome/

Gregory of Nyssa page (texts and studies) here

http://www.sage.edu/faculty/salomd/nyssa/

Cassian

Latin Christian Texts

Confessiones (Latin text plus commentary by J. O'Donnell)

Augustine (PL)and another Augustine online source

Other hard to find patristic text in English translation

http://www.iclnet.org/pub/resources/christian-history.html

http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/

BYZANTINE HYMNOGRAPHY here

http://glt.xyz

Service, Hymnography, other liturgical resources Greek/English here

http://www.christopherklitou.com/downloads_services.htm

* RESEARCH

Athanasius of Alexandria (Athanasius Werke: Arbeitsstelle Erlangen) here

http://www.athanasius.theologie.uni-erlangen.de/

Evagrius Pages (Joel Kalvesmaki)

Filocalia (Romanian)

ADAMANTIUS: Newsletter of the Italian Research Group on "Origen and the Alexandrian Tradition"

Late Antiquity in the Mediterranean

Centre for Early Christian Studies at the Australian Catholic University

ICONOGRAPHY AS EXEGESIS

"Visual Midrash" here

http://www.tali-virtualmidrash.org.il/

ART RESOURCES (provided by Ad Imaginem Dei blog)

Web Gallery of Art - http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/welcome.html

This website, based in Hungary, is the most comprehensive site I have found for the art of the Renaissance through the first part of the nineteenth century. Although it covers the period 1000 - 1900 its strengths lie in the periods mentioned. Its section for medieval art is slowly improving as well. It offers a database, a glossary of terms related to art (technique, subject, descriptive terms, etc.), artist biographies and a bibliography.

The Google Art Project - http://www.googleartproject.com/

This site offers incredibly detailed digital images of a selection of works from a selection of museums around the world. Not comprehensive by any means, but a truly in depth look at some of the world's greatest works of art.

The Art Renewal Center Online Museum - http://www.artrenewal.org/pages/search.php

This site focuses on what can be described as "academic art" and is particularly strong in the works of nineteenth-century artists.

Biblical Art on the WWW - http://www.biblical-art.com/index.htm

This site is useful for images which derive from Biblical passages and events. It appears to be Protestant in orientation, so is not useful for non-Biblical images, such as saints lives/legends (except for those mentioned in the Bible) or events in Church History after the mid-first century AD.

Joconde - http://www.culture.gouv.fr/documentation/joconde/fr/recherche/rech_libre.htm

This site includes materials from all the museums under the auspices of the French government. This greatly simplifies searching for images that are currently located in a French museum. Only available in French.

Bildindex der Kuenst und Architectur - http://www.bildindex.de/#|home

This site is not for the faint of heart, but it is extremely useful nonetheless. It is a very detailed index of images, primarily from Central Europe, and mostly in black and white, but these are usually underrepresented on other sites. It is in German and there is no English site.

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York - http://www.metmuseum.org/

You can browse or search the collection database and the exhibition database.

The Louvre, Paris - http://www.louvre.fr/llv/commun/home.jsp?bmLocale=en

One of the world's great museums. You can search the database of works. Available in French and English. This link is to the English version.

The Prado, Madrid - http://www.museodelprado.es/en

Another of the world's great museums, also with a searchable database of the collection. Available in Spanish and English. This link is to the English version.

The National Gallery, London - http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/

Another of the world's great museums, though the collection is limited to paintings only, also with a searchable database of the collection.

The Victoria and Albert Museum, London - http://www.vam.ac.uk/page/t/the-collections/ The V&A houses all the other things that the National Gallery doesn't, in addition to a paintings collection that includes the Raphael Cartoons.

The Vatican Museums, Vatican City State - http://mv.vatican.va/3_EN/pages/MV_Home.html The Vatican Museums are among the greatest in the world, but the website is a little more difficult to use than some others. The information on the collections is there, but you need to poke around a bit to find it.

The Pierpont Morgan Library - http://www.themorgan.org/home.asp

One of the great manuscript collections of the United States. Has a searchable database of its collections. The Morgan also hosts interesting temporary exhibitions.

The British Library - http://www.bl.uk/catalogues/illuminatedmanuscripts/welcome.htm

One of the great collections of Europe. Has a searchable database.

Bibliotheque nationale de France, Manuscript Collection- http://mandragore.bnf.fr/html/accueil.html
The Bibliotheque nationale de France has one of the world's greatest collections of manuscripts. Its searchable database, called Mandragore, lists most of them and gives access to the entire manuscript, if photos are available.

Koninklijk Bibliotheek - http://www.kb.nl/manuscripts/

The Royal Library of the Netherlands site incliudes a searchable database for illuminated manuscripts.

Corpus Thomisticum (Complete works of Aquinas online)