McAnulty College and Graduate School of Liberal Arts
Department of Political Science
College Hall 516
Education:Ph.D., Political Science, University of Virginia, 2000
M.A., Political Science, University of Virginia, 1996
B.A., Political Science/Economics/History, Duke University, 1992
Mark L. Haas is a Professor in the Political Science Department and the Graduate Center for Social and Public Policy at Duquesne University in Pittsburgh. He formerly was a National Security Fellow at the Olin Institute for Strategic Studies and an International Security Fellow at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, both at Harvard University. Haas received his Ph.D. in political science from the University of Virginia and his B.A. in political science, economics, and history from Duke University. He is the author of The Clash of Ideologies: Middle Eastern Politics and American Security (Oxford University Press, 2012); The Ideological Origins of Great Power Politics, 1789-1989 (Cornell University Press, 2005), and co-editor of The Middle East and the United States: History, Politics, and Ideologies (Westview Press 2013, revised fifth edition) and The Arab Spring: Change and Resistance in the Middle East (Westview Press, 2013). Haas's scholarly articles have appeared in such journals as International Security, International Organization, International Studies Quarterly, Security Studies, and The Review of Politics, and his opinion pieces have been published in The Boston Globe, The International Tribune Review, and The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
I am currently working on the following research projects.
• Frenemies: When Do Ideological Enemies Ally? This is a new book that tries to determine the conditions when ideological enemies are and are not likely to ally when power factors are pushing them to do so. I try to discern the potency of ideological differences on alliances by looking at three different types of cases: "Tipping points": i.e., instances when states confronted material incentives to ally, but resisted for a long time, then finally gave in. What was it that finally pushed them to set aside their differences and cooperate? "Breaking points": i.e., cases when ideological enemies were allied, but they split apart when material forces were still pushing them together. Why did ideology win out at these times? "Unrealized alliances": i.e., cases when states confronted major material incentives to ally, but ideology always trumped. Why was ideology always paramount in these instances?
• A Geriatric Peace? American Security in an Aging World. This is a new book that examines the likely impact of global population aging on America's international interests in coming decades. It builds on previous scholarship and opinion pieces. This project is at the research stage of development.
• I am collaborating with Steve Brooks, Deb Brooks, and Brian Greenhill, all professors at Dartmouth, in the writing of a series of articles that examines the effects of demographic variables (fertility and life expectancy) on the likelihood of international conflict initiation.
BOOKS PUBLISHED BY MAJOR ACADEMIC PRESSES•
• The Clash of Ideologies: Middle Eastern Politics and American Security (Oxford University Press, 2012). The book examines how ideologies have shaped America's relations with key Muslim-majority states since the end of the Cold War. The book has been favorably reviewed in, among other places, The Middle East Journal, Mediterranean Quarterly, and H-Diplo|International Security Studies Forum (a partnership between H-Diplo and the International Studies Association's Security Studies Section and the journals International Security, Security Studies, and the Journal of Strategic Studies).
• The Arab Spring: Change and Resistance in the Middle East (Westview Press 2013, co-edited with David Lesch). The book examines the origins, reactions, and consequences of the mass uprisings across much of the Arab world that began in 2011.
• The Middle East and the United States: History, Politics, and Ideologies (revised 5th edition, Westview Press 2013, co-edited with David Lesch). The book examines relations between key Middle Eastern countries and the United States from the Cold War to the present day. (Lesch and I also published together the original fifth edition of this volume).
• The Ideological Origins of Great Power Politics, 1789-1989, Security Affairs Series, Cornell University Press, 2005; series editors: Robert Art (Brandeis), Robert Jervis (Columbia), Stephen Walt (Harvard). The book examines the impact of political ideologies on great powers' foreign policies at critical times over the last two centuries. A paperback edition was issued in November 2007. The book has been favorably reviewed in, among other places, Foreign Affairs and Perspectives on Politics.
• "Ideological Polarity and Balancing in Great Power Politics," Security Studies, Vol. 23, No. 4 (December 2014), pp. 715-753. The article examines how the number of distinct ideological groups in a system affects the efficiency of the balancing process.
• "Missed Ideological Opportunities and George W. Bush's Middle Eastern Policies," Security Studies, Vol. 21, No. 3 (September 2012), pp. 416-454. The article demonstrates how Bush administration officials' ideological rigidity on some issues, paradoxically, prevented these leaders from taking advantage of the full range of ways in which ideologies shape international relations, to the detriment of U.S. interests in the Middle East.
• "A Geriatric Peace? The Future of U.S. Power in a World of Aging Populations," International Security, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Summer 2007), pp. 112-147. The article examines the impact of global population aging on U.S. Security interests. This article has been posted, among other places, on U.S. embassy websites under the category of "significant documents". It was also the featured discussion in Mike Nizza's New York Times on-line column, "The Lede: Notes on the News," July 12, 2007.
• "The United States and the End of the Cold War: Reactions to Shifts in Soviet Power, Policies, or Domestic Politics?" International Organization, Vol. 61, No. 1 (Winter 2007), pp. 145-179. This article tests various competing explanations of the end of the Cold War from the American point of view.
• "Ideology and Alliances: British and French External Balancing Decisions in the 1930s." Security Studies, Vol. 12, No. 4 (Summer 2003), pp. 34-79. This article examines the impact of political ideologies on British and French socialists' and conservatives' perceptions of threat and consequent balancing policies toward the other great powers in the 1930s.
• "Prospect Theory and the Cuban Missile Crisis," International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 45, No. 2 (June 2001), pp. 241-270. This article uses a decision-theoretic model of choice and primary source evidence to test the relative explanatory weights of expected-utility and prospect theories for the key events of the Cuban missile crisis.
• "Reinhold Niebuhr's ‘Christian Pragmatism:' A Principled Alternative to Consequentialism," The Review of Politics, Vol. 61, No. 4 (Fall 1999), pp. 605-636. This article offers an examination and reinterpretation of Niebuhr's theory of ethics.
ARTICLES IN EDITED VOLUMES
• "The United States and the Arab Spring: Opportunities and Threats in a Revolutionary Era," in David W. Lesch and Mark L. Haas, eds., The Middle East and the United States: History, Politics, and Ideologies (Westview Press, 2013, revised fifth edition), pp. 501-534.
• "Soviet Grand Strategy in the Interwar Years: Ideology as Realpolitik," in The Challenge of Grand Strategy: The Great Powers and the Broken Balance between the World Wars, edited by Jeff Taliaferro, Norrin Ripsman, and Steve Lobell (Cambridge University Press, 2012), pp. 279-307.
• "Ideology and Iran's American Policies, 1997-2008," in David W. Lesch and Mark L. Haas, eds., The Middle East and the United States: History, Politics, and Ideologies (Westview Press, 2012, fifth edition), pp. 434-455.
• "Introduction," in ibid., (co-authored with David Lesch), pp. 1-12.
• "Turkey and the Arab Spring: Ideological Promotion in a Revolutionary Era," in Mark L. Haas and David W. Lesch, The Arab Spring: Change and Resistance in the Middle East (Westview Press, 2013), pp. 152-173.
• "Introduction," in ibid., (co-authored with David Lesch), pp. 1-10.
• "America's Golden Years? U.S. Security in an Aging World," in Political Demography: Interests, Conflict and Institutions, edited by Jack Goldstone, Monica Duffy Toft, and Eric Kaufmann (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012), pp. 49-62.
OTHER SCHOLARLY PUBLICATIONS
• "Population Aging and the Future of NATO," published on the National Intelligence Council's Global Trends 2030 blog (the blog is by invitation only). July 2012.
• "Ideologies and International Relations," The Montreal Review, March 2012, part of an invited on-line symposium with Daron Asemogly (MIT) and James Robison (Harvard), Joyce Appleby (UCLA), Dani Rodrik (Harvard), Bruce Cumings (Chicago University), Jean-Pierre Filiu (Paris School of International Affairs), and Wolfgang Streeck (Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies).
• "Global Aging: Opportunities and Threats to American Security," Public Policy & Aging Report Vol. 17, No. 4 (Fall 2007), pp. 7-11.
MEDIA AND MASS-MARKET PUBLICATIONS
• "Pax Americana Geriatrica," Miller-McCune Magazine, August 2008, pp. 30-39, cover article.
• "Golden Oldies," Washington Post, Outlook Section, Sunday February 10, 2008.
• "America's Golden Years?", Boston Globe op-ed, August 30, 2007. Reprinted in the International Herald Tribune and Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
SCHOLARLY PRESENTATIONS, COMPETITIVELY REVIEWED (since 2004)
• "Frenemies: When Do Ideological Enemies Ally?" American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Washington, D. C., August 2014
• "Ideological Polarity and Great Power Balancing," International Studies Association Annual Meeting, Toronto, March 2014
• "Ideological Polarity and Great Power Balancing," International Studies Association Northeast Annual Meeting, Baltimore, November 2012
• "Birds of Different Feathers Flocking Together: When Do Ideological Enemies Ally?," American Political Science Association annual meeting, Washington, D. C., September 2010
• "America's Golden Years? U.S. Security in an Aging World," American Political Science Association annual meeting, Toronto, August 2009
• "When Do Ideological Enemies Ally?" International Studies Association Annual Meeting, New York, February 2009
• "American Security in an Aging World," American Political Science Association annual meeting, Chicago, September 2007.
• "Neo-Classical Realism and the Importance of ‘Ideological Consensus' in International Relations," American Political Science Association annual meeting, Philadelphia, September 2006. This paper won the Best Paper Award from the American Political Science Association's Foreign Policy Division for the 2006 conference.
• "British and French 1930s Appeasement Policies: Products of Tripolar Ideological Politics," American Political Science Association annual meeting, Washington, D.C., September 2005
• "U.S. Foreign Policies at the End of the Cold War: Reactions to Shifts in Soviet Power, Behavior, or Ideology?", American Political Science Association annual meeting, Chicago, September 2004
INVITED PRESENTATIONS AND SEMINARS
• "Combinations" Workshop sponsored by the U.S. Military's Joint Staff, Andrews Air Force Base, May 5-8, 2015. The goal of the workshop was to help develop a comprehensive understanding of the potential future global environment, with the intent to identify and prioritize the most pressing future military challenges and opportunities.
• "The Human Elements of Military Operations," Workshop at the United States Army War College, January 13-14, 2015.
• "Population Aging and the Probability of Great Power Conflict," Conference on Political Demography focusing on "Global Aging and Russia's Future," The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, December 12-13, 2014.
• "Population Aging and the future of the US-Japanese Alliance", conference on "The Foreign Policy and Security Implications of Global Aging for the Future of Japan-U.S. Relations," co-sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Center and the Sasakawa Peace Foundation, Tokyo, October 9, 2014.
• "Ideologies and Alliances," invited talk at Waseda University, Graduate School of Political Science, Tokyo, October 10, 2014.
• "Populations and Demographics," keynote address at a seminar on "Human Geography" sponsored by the US military's Joint Staff and the Applied Physics Lab at Johns Hopkins University, June 18, 2014. I was a participant in small groups at the seminar on June 19 and 20.
• "Globalization, Power Politics, and Demography," Air War College address to Class of 2014, International Security Studies program and Global Security curriculum, March 17, 2014.
• "'Ideological Polarity' and Balancing in Great Power Politics," Dickey Center for International Understanding, Dartmouth University, April 10, 2013
• "Ideology and International Relations," Graduate Fellows Speakers' Series (only one person is invited by this group each year), Reppy Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies, Cornell University, September 27, 2012
• An hour-long interview with the podcast "New Books in Middle Eastern Studies," which is part of the "New Books Network," July 6, 2012 on my book, The Clash of Ideologies.
• "Geriatric Peace/Geriatric War: The Security Implications of Demographic Decline," Conference on "Aging Asia: Population Decline and Great Power Politics," Naval War College, May 24-25, 2012
• "European Perspectives on Democracy Promotion and the Arab Spring," The European Center for Excellence and the Global Studies Center, University of Pittsburgh, April 19-20, 2012
• "America's Golden Years?," Environmental Change and Security Program, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington, D. C., January 10, 2012
• "Ideologies and American Security in the Middle East," Institute for Global and International Studies, George Washington University, April 29, 2010
• "Reinhold Niebuhr's ‘Christian Realism,'" Lehigh University, March 25, 2010
• Invited participant, "Strategy Implementation Seminar," Army War College, Carlisle, PA, July 21-23, 2009.
• "Demography and International Security," presented at "Demography and Security: The Politics of Population Change" conference, Harvard University, May 1-2, 2009.
• "The Demographics of Discord," presented at "Global Trends 2025" conference, co-sponsored by the Scowcroft Institute of International Affairs and the National Intelligence Council, hosted by the George Bush School of Government and Foreign Service, Texas A & M University, November 2008
• "The Future of NATO," Model NATO Conference, University of Pittsburgh, European Union Center of Excellence and the Center for West European Studies, November 13, 2008
• "A Geriatric Peace?," The Agenda with Steve Paikin, May 5, 2008, television interview on TVO (a publicly-funded, educational media organization available in Ontario; TVO reaches an average of 3.5 million viewers per week).
• "Population Aging and Security Challenges for the Great Powers," University of Pittsburgh, European Union Center of Excellence and the Center for West European Studies, March 28, 2008.
• "Incorporating Social Science Insights into Deterrence Assessment," Sponsored by the Defense Threat Reduction Agency, an agency of the United States Department of Defense, January 2008
• "A Geriatric Peace?," The Jack Rice Show, WCCO (CBS) radio in Minneapolis, August 14, 2007
• "Ideologies and Great Power Politics." University of Pittsburgh, European Union Center of Excellence and the Center for West European Studies, January 2006.
• "Ideology, Threat Perception, and Great Power Politics," Princeton University, Center for International Studies, January 2003
• "Ideology, Threat Perception, and Great Power Politics," Harvard University, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, April 2003
• "Ideology, Threat Perception, and Great Power Politics," Harvard University, Olin Institute for Strategic Studies, September 2001